What is Male Infertility?
About one-third of cases of infertility are caused by male factors alone. A combination of male and female factors causes about one-third of cases. IVF Orange provides various forms of male infertility treatment.
What Causes Male Infertility?
The most common cause of male infertility is a varicocele (say: “var-ee-koh-seal”). This is when the veins in the scrotum (the skin “sack” that hangs beneath the penis) are dilated (enlarged) on one or both sides. This heats the inside of the scrotum and may affect sperm production. A blockage in a man’s reproductive system may cause male infertility. Some medicines can also cause infertility.
- low sperm count
- sperm that are abnormally shaped or that don’t move correctly
- undescended testicle
- an underlying medical problem
Sometimes the cause of male infertility cannot be identified. In these cases, there may be an underlying genetic problem.
When should I see a doctor?
Usually, a couple should wait to see a doctor until after they’ve tried to get pregnant for a year. However, it’s OK to see a fertility doctor sooner, especially if the woman’s advanced maternal age may be a factor.
Should men be checked for infertility?
Yes. It’s important to identify and treat any correctable problems when trying to conceive becomes a challenge. In some men, a doctor’s exam may find an underlying more serious medical problem such as testicular cancer that may cause infertility.
Male Fertility Evaluation
Your doctor will obtain your medical history, examine you and get your semen analysis at least twice. A semen analysis can tell your doctor about your sperm count and sperm quality, which are important indicators of male fertility. More testing may be needed, depending on the results of this first evaluation.
Andrology Test Fees:
Complete Semen Analysis (CSA) $110
Complete Semen Analysis
(CSA – with 3h – 6h motility reading) $140
Partial Semen Analysis $75
Basic Sperm Wash $150
Gradient Wash $200
Gender Preselection (Male or Female) $600
Male Fertility Treatment
More than half of cases of male infertility can be corrected. Treatment may help a couple get pregnant through normal sexual intercourse. Even if you can’t get pregnant in this way, you may not need expensive or invasive treatments to get pregnant. If the man needs surgery to correct the problem that is causing his infertility, it can be an outpatient procedure. This means he doesn’t have to stay in the hospital overnight.
Microsurgical Epididymal Sperm Aspiration (MESA)
MESA is a special surgical procedure where sperm can be extracted directly from the epididymis due to uncorrectable blockage of the male genital tract, congenital absence of the vas deferens and vasectomy. MESA can provide sperm for IVF cycle but it needs to be used in conjunction with ICSI.
Read also important information about Sperm Cryopreservation and Sperm Banking.